Planning Efforts to Reduce Future Disaster Impacts
This paper looks at options for programs to be put in place before to a disaster to avoid major and often poorly-managed expenditures after a catastrophe and to offer suitable protection against the risk of those large losses which do occur. It is important for the government to provide programs that enlightens the citizens on how to deal with the hazards that come with hurricanes. Natural hazards have taken place in America and they have not been well attended to. The response in the Haiti earthquake showed some weakness in response. Hurricane Katrina should have given Americans a lesson on how to prevent major destructions in case of a similar scenario.
Katrina was a hurricane that hit the Atlantic in 2005 and was known to be the most dangerous hurricane in history of America. Over 1,836 people died as a result of this hurricane with a total damage being estimated to be over $81 billion. This was as a result of the damage that was caused by the floods. This hurricane formed at the Bahamas where it caused deaths before heading to the Gulf of Mexico by 23rd, August 2005. By 29th August, it had struck Louisiana and caused several damages along the Texas from Florida. Places like Mississippi had their coastal regions all submerged in water effect (Shaughness, White & Brendler, 2010)’.
The effects of Katrina were the highest in the Bush regime. The figures were estimated at over 105 billion for reconstructions. This figure hardly includes the destroyed supplies of oils which highly affected the economy (Mackenzie & Levendis, 2010). The exports sector were highly affected too contributing on the economic destruction factor. Jobs sector was hard hit, and research shows that over 50 billion was the total economic impact in Louisiana and Mississippi, since everyone was left without jobs in these areas (Mackenzie & Levendis, 2010). No taxes were being collected since no checks were cashed. It is unfortunate that the government allowed reconstruction workers to be paid lower wages which made the place remain poorer than before.
The region had many organizations that came up to assist after the disaster. They included heart of America’s Books which was an organization that came in to help those children who had their lives shattered by Katrina in order for them to get back to school. There is AARP which is also a program for those who are over fifty years, and were in the Katrina disaster. Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) also came in to help in supply of clean water, health services, and basic educations. Air Compassion America offered transportation for the ailing ones after the disaster.
The Red Cross is known to be the number one disaster aid. There were also Faith-Based organizations like office of the United Jewish Community, which volunteered to work with the government in Katrina disaster. Some of the schools helped in raising funds for children and families who were affected by Katrina. An example of such a school is Gloria Dei Lutheran Bible School (Mackenzie & Levendis, 2010). These are just but a few examples since the disaster was taken care of by different groups that were willing to save the region. After such a disaster, it was important for the government to not only find how they could build a healthier nation, but also protect themselves from such a disaster in the future (Shaughness, White & Brendler, 2010).
Different areas had to be covered in order to prevent a future hurricane disaster. Environmental Protection Program (EPA) had to ensure that preparedness, and response to a disaster was looked into. First method would be by identifying the geographic environments that were likely to be hit by these hurricanes. The EPA would ensure that the transport or infrastructure in these areas was upgraded. This would include the government communication. The areas should be accessible and the new programs to curb disaster would be available to all. It would be hard to amend the past mistakes, but awareness can be a remedy to protecting future catastrophes (Mackenzie & Levendis, 2010).
Assessments of these catastrophes have a big impact on the community as a whole. A disaster like Katrina had a big impact on the consumer behavior and also the supply chain. This shows that the markets were largely affected, and with awareness, this would be curbed. The government will be prepared to meet the losses that come with hurricanes like Katrina with the awareness programs. New Orleans had been built on a marsh. This means it is below sea level, which is a dangerous location. Its geographic location influenced the effects of Katrina because of the Mississippi river and Lake Borgne (LaJoie, Ginny, Paul, 2010). Levees had been built to cater for the occasional floods, but they failed with the hurricane.
The government had to build better barriers after this disaster. These assessments warn the governments of many being left homeless, and this ensures there are relocation homes available in case they are needed. The preparedness involves availing evacuation facilities needed. Some assessments like the one done on Hurricane Pam in 2002 showed that transportation would be a major problem. This made the federal government put a high level attention into the infrastructure With the Katrina assessment, the mayor ordered a compulsory evacuation, and it was successful though too few (Mackenzie & Levendis, 2010).
Hazard analysis should be enhanced because unfortunately, the most affected people are the vulnerable, low income class. They are not able to live in the disaster free zones due to their low income. The hazards should be communicated to the people to create awareness. The worst is the health hazards that come with the stagnant waters. There are also exposed rocks that have dangerous, chemicals which affect their health. The air gets polluted, and it is hazardous to the people in these regions. Other hazards like being left homeless should be addressed to enable adherence to orders when they are forced to evacuate. Economic hazards should also be stressed on so that the government can set aside enough funds to cater for the affected people.
The community should be broadly involved since they are the victims. It is important for them to give their opinions. This way the government will gather enough information on the areas to be looked into. Education on disaster management should be well delivered to everyone especially those in the risky zones. The community is the governments eyes and hence the need to involve them in decision making (Shaughness, White & Brendler, 2010).
Hurricane Katrina affected the areas that were below sea-level. It proved that the government had not taken enough protection on the area, and that levees that had been built by the American corps were not able to stop the destruction. In the economic factor, the government would need to improve on the awareness and improvement. This is because Katrina proved that the Bush government was not ready and could not cater fast enough for the affected people. The government’s political system does not seem to be ready even after Katrina because Haiti has proved it. The earthquake in Haiti had a poor response showing the government is still not able to respond to natural disasters promptly. However, there has been a case like the Tsunami where the American government was quick to respond, and had a positive effect (Shaughness, White & Brendler, 2010).
Katrina having been the worst in History was a wakeup call to America’s government. Some areas especially at the coastal regions have proved unfit for habitation. It is unfortunate that the lower class of the people live in these regions. The government should extend risk awareness to the people in case such a disaster was to reoccur. It should also be able to cope with the situation ensuring fewer damages.
Mancuso, Louis C.; Alijani, Ghasem S.; Kwun, Obyung. (2011). The effects of the BP oil spill and hurricane Katrina in South Louisiana. Entrepreneurial Executive,
Mckenzie, Russell; Levendis, John; (2010). Flood Hazards and Urban Housing Markets: The effects of Katrina on New Orleans. Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, pp. 62-76.
LaJoie, Andrew Scott; Sprang, Ginny; McKinney, William Paul.(2010). Long-term effects of Hurricane Katrina on psychological well being of evacuees. Disasters, p1031-1044, 14p,
Shaughnessy, Timothy M.; White, Mary L.; Brendler, Michael D.; (2010). The Income Distribution effect of Natural Disasters: An Analysis of Hurricane Katrina. Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, pp. 84-95
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!