Freud’s Theory of the Unconscious
Rendering to Sigmund’s autobiography, Sigmund Freud was native to Austria and raised in Vienna. As a child, he was an avid reader and became a doctor in 1881 after completing medical school. Sigmund Freud’s powerful psychological influence was to popularise the concept of conscious and unconscious ideas, even though he did not originate it. Freud highlighted its structures and functions with his topographical picture of the brain. The iceberg analogy is explicitly used to illustrate the three layers of the mind. He compared the conscious mind to the top of an iceberg, representing all the brain processes that people are aware of, such as the need for water when they are thirsty. Precocious thoughts, which we may not be aware of, are initially stored there and then brought to awareness (Kendra, 2021). Ideas are kept in the preconscious before reaching the conscious, like a waiting room in the brain. As a result of Darwin’s study, Freud confirmed his belief that man and animals are led by instinct rather than rationality. Sigmund Freud argues that to live in a civilized society, we must restrain our inner need for sex and violent conduct. His psychoanalytic philosophy of behavior designates the unconscious mind as a repository of feelings, ideas, desires, and remembrances that are not visible to the consciousness.
A belief held by Sigmund Freud was that the unconscious impacts people’s actions, even when they are not aware of it. Consciousness does not have access to these processes, yet they impact our thoughts and actions. According to Freud, the fundamental cause of human conduct is the insensible mind (Bargh, 2019). The most significant critical portion of the thoughts is like an iceberg: the amount you can’t see. It is true that our thoughts, emotions, and actions are all severely wedged by our past involvements and are thus permanently recorded in our insensible minds.
Sigmund Freud’s philosophical assumptions on the unconscious
The Freudian theory also splits the human character into three crucial mechanisms: the id, ego, and superego. These are the two simple mechanisms of the mind. Everything we want in life comes from deep inside our personalities, namely our ids, our primal selves. All libidinal energy comes from this portion of the psyche, which is entirely unconscious. When it comes to coping with reality and fulfilling the desires, d’s the ego is responsible for doing so in a safe, practical, and socially acceptable manner (Bollas, 2022). Our internalized principles and norms are stored in our superego, which is the portion of our personality that we inherit from our parents, family, and society.
There is no way to know the contents of the unconscious mind while being conscious of what is successful in the cognisant mind. The unconscious has a wealth of essential and unsettling facts that we must save hidden from ourselves since it would be too dangerous to face it head-on. This “cauldron” of basic desires and impulses is held at bay and moderated by the preconscious region in a “repository” in the unconscious mind. Many of Freud’s patients could not express their deepest feelings and aspirations because they were too terrifying or unpleasant to contemplate (Bargh, 2019). Repression may lead to this kind of thing. Eros and Thanatos, our physiologically rooted impulses for the primordial drives for sex and hostility, are stored in the unconscious mind. Freud maintained that our logical, aware selves frequently suppress our primordial desires because they are deemed inappropriate.
The most acceptable part of the iceberg analogy is that the best portion of the iceberg is the submerged area that one can’t see. According to him, our thoughts, emotions, and choices result from our previous experiences and are kept hidden. He employed the id, ego, and superego schemes to build his behavior or psyche construction. It is complete unconsciousness in contrast to ego and superego, which include values that might be preconscious, conscious, or unconscious. Despite our awareness of the conscious mind, he argues that people are unmindful of the actions of the unconscious mind. Disturbing and scary things lurk in the depths of the unconscious, which individuals must keep hidden from their consciousness. In his work with patients, Freud discovered that specific wants or experiences are so horrifying that they cannot admit their existence or accept them to be true (Bargh, 2019). Repressed memories may include these. Those drives to mate and conjure that are suppressed by logical or conscious selves reside in the subconscious mind of each individual’s inner beast instinct. Defence apparatuses like suppression are recycled to keep one’s opinions and want to be hidden from one’s conscious awareness.
One of the most critical aspects of Freud’s thesis was that the human unconscious affects their conduct to the extent they are unaware. For psychoanalysis, repressed memories and the unconscious are uncovered. For instance, he said that tongue slips and dreams are instances of insensible individual thinking. When a lawmaker discussed his partner as “the honorable member from hell” as an alternative to Hull, he displayed the Freudian slip to explain how our subconscious ideas influence our actions (Bollas, 2022). His assertion that behavioral designs originate in the subliminal and hence cannot be logically knowledgeable is an example of irrationality since attempting to clarify humanoid behavior from the insensible is nonsensical. Since ancient times, psychology has grappled with conflicting ideas about the importance of intelligence and the nature of the mental conflict.
He had previously said that “awareness is the simple shallow of the humanoid mind, and of this, like the sphere, they do not tell the inside.” According to Sigmund Freud, Schopenhauer was the first person to discover the mechanisms of repressed thinking entering the unconscious mind. On the other hand, the former insisted that he learned about them independently. When it comes to an understanding human nature, Freud and Schopenhauer were both irrationalists who didn’t give a damn.
Navigating Freud’s Assumptions Philosophically
In his view, Munsterberg believed that psychosis was an untreatable nerve condition. Thus he used reciprocal antagonism. His efforts would help individuals better understand and support ideas at odds with their beliefs. He was aware that Freud’s work did not influence his treatment of those he saw. It’s possible to summarize Freud’s view of unconscious motivation in three words: “There is none.” Lewin linked their acts to the notion of living space, which he said was the only factor. Internal or external factors like hunger, exhaustion, or discomfort might impact a person’s concentration ability (Laplanche,2018). According to him, anything is supposed to be remembered at the remembrance to be a psychological reality. His contemporaneity principle claims that individuals’ intelligent behavior is solely prejudiced by their current living surroundings.
Rendering to Sigmund Freud, an individual’s mature conduct may only be prejudiced by their previous skills if they are conscious of them. Erased one and said that it was an actual physical event. People’s inability to begin a task is hampered when they are convinced that another person dislikes them, for instance, because they believe that the other person hates them. According to Freud, the subjective serves as a defense mechanism against physical reality. A person’s life pace is said to be matched with their needs if they are satisfied, such as eating to prevent hunger. Using the threshold notion, Frechner did so. For the first time, he used the metaphor of an iceberg to represent the thoughts and claimed that the aware portion only enclosed a small percentage of it (Kendra, 2021). Freud used Frechner’s iceberg metaphor to teach people about energy conservation. When asked where his ideas came from, Freud said they came from G.T. Frechner, and he acknowledged following in his footsteps.
Freud argues that dreams need interpretation in the same way as hysterical sufferers’ somatic symptoms do. Since the defensive mechanism of a person is mainly inactive, repressed memories might enter the conscious mind in a different form, explaining the discrepancy in how dreams can be both objective and subjective at the same time. Freud believed that every dream was a manifestation of an unfulfilled need that would give the dreamer distress in the real world. Because dreams represent personal desires, he reasoned that they constitute a kind of communication. Even if different individuals have the same dream symbols, Freud proved that the most meaningful dream symbols come from personal experience (Talvitie, 2018). A syndrome he dubbed the “Oedipus Complex” emerged from Freud’s analysis of his dreams, wherein he concluded that adolescent boys are drawn to their mothers and loathe their dads. His childhood memories of being raised by an early mother and an elderly father, whom he covertly detested, informed this view.
Heidbreder’s bluntness on the subject comes from comparing enjoyable things to sexual pleasure. It is widely accepted that natural somatic impulses may induce dreams. However, this notion is understood differently, rendering the proclamation invalid. Unconscious ideas may be traced back to natural cause cues by physical stimulation. Consequently, psychoanalysis saw awareness as either present or absent from each statement. As a result, there was a philosophical rejection of the presence of unconscious mental activity, which led to a denial of thoughts and awareness (Laplanche,2018). To determine Freud’s concept of unconsciousness, the researchers used the empirical nature of the ideas. Having a more profound knowledge of the notion of unconscious thinking, as opposed to the basic Freudian assumptions, was critical.
Motivation is found in everyday cognition in the brain, which is devoid of conceptual ambiguity. Be sceptical of the Freudian hypothesis and the mind’s hierarchical architecture. That mental state is not contained inside one’s awareness is shown by them, much like believing. In his view, the “mind-stuff” requires a certain amount of unconscious thought to function correctly. As an example, he mentions theories of mental states that claim that it is physically possible to analyse. Ideas that were once aware but suppressed might contribute to a person’s unconsciousness (Laplanche,2018). That would meet Locke’s attitude situation, according to which zero in the brain exists that we are not conscious of. The effort of sears, who saw insentience as a collection of previously unconscious concepts.
It’s also worth considering whether or not it’s a good thing to think of unconsciousness as the source of all the missing pieces of knowledge that make up waking awareness. Consciousness is characterized by a lack of any form of missing link and hence is a unity of its kind. The misplaced connections in self-clarification are central to his theory. These networks are emotional, and they seem when a psychosomatic description is anticipated (for instance, the act of memorizing). He overlooked the hint that the thoughts have agency or construction in his geographical ideal. Despite this, some schemes were mainly working, and their intended purpose is in question (Saad, 2020). There is no animosity between awareness and unconsciousness; rather, the struggle arises from the specific character of the individual and the repressed memories they are linked into. There are still many unanswered concerns, but it is reasonable to assume that insentience and awareness are all shapes that reflect structures that are classified by distinct properties. When it comes to these characteristics, they don’t need to be characterized as propositional attitudes but rather as s pure, psychological reality.
Psychologists derided unconscious brain processes at the beginning of their careers. Because of its resistance to objective analysis and the difficulties of scientifically quantifying it, the idea of the insensible mind has frustrated behaviorists who have adopted a systematic methodology. Nevertheless, the division between psychotherapy and consciousness has tapered, and the concept of the unconscious has become the main emphasis in both fields (Kendra, 2021). Such processes as procedural memory are unconscious in cognition. Social psychology has shown that people’s behaviors are influenced by their unconscious processes, characterized as the requirement for implicit memory processing.
It has been proven that His notion of the “adapted unconsciously,” and the new “adaptive insensible” differs from psychotherapy in several ways. A significant section of the iceberg is not noticeable to the naked sense in the iceberg example. Suppressing specific memories and repressing them in the unconscious helps the mind perform better. According to Freud’s concept of the brain, there is no singular entity of unconsciousness. Still, psychologists now see the brain as containing numerous modules that evolved through time and are unaware. To keep anxiety episodes at bay, Freud recognized primal desires in the unconscious mind (Reith, 2018). For quicker reaction than previously believed possible via suppression, contemporary theories of the adaptive insensible and information processing occur outer conscious perception. In his book, Freud’s work is better understood by using philosophical techniques than simply rejecting psychoanalysis as a formal philosophical theory.
In conclusion, For Freud, the unconscious mind is a storehouse of feelings, thoughts, desires, and remembrances that are hidden from our conscious awareness. The unconscious movement has exposed that the insensible may be investigated and studied to reveal an individual’s ontology via philosophical and psychological connections. The idea of the unconscious, on the other hand, is a cornerstone in the search for a better understanding of contemporary conceptions of human identity. As a result, philosophers and psychologists have worked hard toward better experiencing human nature from the inside out. There is still opportunity for growth since the conflicts among human beginnings that emphasize intelligence and intelligent fights have persisted in thinking for an extended time and are still apparent in the modern mind-set.
Bargh, J. A. (2019). The modern unconscious. World Psychiatry, 18(2), 225.
Bollas, C. (2022). What is theory?. In Psychoanalytic Credos (pp. 41-50). Routledge.
Kendra Cherry, (2021) Repression as a Defense Mechanism. https://www.verywellmind.com/repression-as-a-defense-mechanism-4586642
Laplanche, J. (2018). There are three meanings of the word “unconscious” in the General Theory of Seduction framework. In The Unconscious (pp. 31-46). Routledge.
Reith, B. (2018). Complementary models of the mind in Freud’s “The unconscious”?. In On Freud’s “The Unconscious” (pp. 179-202). Routledge.
Saad, A. (2020). On the logic of the unconscious. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 101(2), 239-256.
Talvitie, V. (2018). Freudian unconscious and cognitive neuroscience: From unconscious fantasies to neural algorithms. Routledge.
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